15 Feb 2023 Sheila Mfunami
After registering significant strides in rural electrification, the government has now set focus on hamlets, targeting to ensure more people have access to electricity than ever before. The government is also embarking on a National Grid Stabilisation project to alleviate power outages in the country. Despite the achievements, President Samia Suluhu Hassan noted that much work ought to be done in order to connect all hamlets, the majority of which had yet to benefit from the government’s excellent work. Speaking yesterday at the State House in Dar es Salaam during the signing ceremony for National Grid Stabilisation and improvement of rural electrification projects, President Samia stated that out of the 64,760 hamlets nationwide, only 28,424 are connected to electricity, equivalent to 43.9 per cent. “While we boast that all villages will have electricity by December this year, which indicates that electricity will reach every village, we still have a lot of work to do to supply electricity to all the hamlets,” she noted. Although we won’t complete all the hamlets, “this is the task that we are going to accomplish most aggressively right now,” Dr Samia added. The Ministry of Energy has come up with an idea on electrifying hamlets and is putting together a proposal to be presented to the government, to be discussed, and to see what can be done. Their idea is to use domestic revenue in implementing that project, but there are development stakeholders who can also help, according to President Samia. President Samia yesterday witnessed the Tanzania Electric Supply Company (Tanesco) signing 26 contracts for the National Grid Stabilization project worth 1.9tri/- that will be implemented in phases. She also witnessed the Rural Energy Agency (REA) signing 14 contracts for improvement of rural electrification and connecting small-scale miners, health centres, agricultural projects, small-scale industries and water sources to power. “Starting with the grid project, the government has set aside 400bn/-, and we received 100bn/- from the International Monetary Fund (IMF) for this year and we now have the funds to carry out this project while other projects have already gotten underway,” according to Dr Samia. She further said that the 4.42tri/- project, which will be carried out for four years in various regions, will include, among other things, the construction of 14 grid substations, the purchase of 700,000 prepaid electricity metres (Luku), and the acquisition of 27 power transformers. “These initiatives are linked because it will be impossible to successfully distribute electricity throughout the communities without strengthening the national grid. These initiatives complement one another as we strengthen the system and provide electricity to the villages,” she said. When the rural electrification project is completed, she continued, “We are dedicated to deliver development in rural and urban areas, therefore, when this project is completed, another service that we are determined to deliver to rural areas is ICT.” Earlier, Minister for Energy January Makamba, stated that some projects on the grid stabilisation have already begun, including the project to connect Katavi Region to the national grid and the Nyakanazi-Kibondo-Kasulu project. “This is the first phase, for those who have electricity challenges and their areas are not mentioned here; don’t worry because other phases are coming. We have started like this to be able to manage the project well,” minister Makamba said. According to Mr Makamba, the CAG report of 2019 indicated that dilapidated infrastructure and poor maintenance were the reasons behind regular power outages in the country. In search of solutions, the minister said, they came up with the Tanzania-Zambia (Taza) power interconnection project, North East Grid, South West Grid and Grid project; these are major infrastructure projects of electricity transmission. He further said Tanzania has 6,000 kilometres of main electricity transmission lines and the need is 12,000 kilometres. “When we say we produce 1,700 megawatt of electricity and we see that it is enough, we mean that many people have not been reached in the country. The more people have access to electricity the more demand emerge,” he said. He added, “We will reach 5,000 megawatts of electricity production by 2025 due to the production projects in Kakono, Malagarasi, Rusumo and the gas project will give us 600 megawatts and the Kishapu solar energy, which will produce 150 megawatts will all be included in the national grid by next year.” He said the ongoing construction of Julius Nyerere Hydroelectric Power Project (JNHPP) will generate 2,115 megawatts. REA Director General Engineer Hassan Saidy said the 14 signed contracts will benefit 25 regions, with the projects mainly targeting to connect electricity to health centres, water projects, small-scale miners and farmers in rural areas. “In partnership with the EU and France, we have set aside 385bn/- to carry out three significant projects, for which we have signed implementation agreements today. As a result, 1,522 hamlets in nine regions would gain access to power, benefiting 88,200 people,” he said. Eng Saidy said another project is to deliver electricity to mining and agricultural projects, which will deliver services to 336 locations in 25 regions of mainland Tanzania. A total of 63 health centres and 333 water pumps will benefit from the project. “Until now, 69 per cent of the villages have been connected to electricity; out of 12,345 villages countrywide, 9,467 are connected to electricity and we have 2,878 villages left. Contractors are continuing with their work in various areas,” Eng Saidy explained. more details ...


15 Feb 2023 Sheila Mfunami
Tanzania has urged development partners to align their efforts with the government to avoid duplication of efforts in the county’s development and priorities. Minister for Finance and Planning, Dr Mwigulu Nchemba said on Tuesday that the joint efforts put in by development partners and the government will bring productivity to Tanzanians who are the biggest beneficiaries of all the programmes. Minister Nchemba said this during the opening of a high-level strategic dialogue meeting yesterday in Dar es Salaam. Dr Nchemba said a high-level strategic dialogue meeting between the government and development partners is held twice a year, with the aim of giving feedback on the measures taken by the government, which include reviews of the budget. The minister said Tanzania’s economy is doing well and is heading in the right direction, saying that the country’s GDP grew by 5.2 per cent in the first three quarters of last year, portraying a strong performance of attaining the projection of 2022 based on the quarter four happenings. He said the government’s achievements were due to various factors, including the amendment of some laws that have created a conducive environment of doing business. Dr Nchemba further said that the government’s decision to provide subsidy of fuel and fertilizer as well as investing heavily in production sectors including agriculture is significantly paying off. “The achievements include increased domestic resource mobilization from 17,944.9bn/- in 2017/18 to 24,395.7bn/- in 2021/2022, increased recognition, cooperation and participation of Civil Society Organizations (CSO) and private sector in development processes as evidenced by the establishment of different policies, including Public Private Partnership (PPP) policy as well as establishing the designated PPP Unit, which develops robust policies and regulatory frameworks to facilitate PPP projects,” he said. Dr Nchemba said despite the achievements attained, there are challenges to be considered, including lack of transparency on some of the assistance channeled through NGOs, which undermines mutual and domestic accountability. Furthermore, Dr Nchemba highlighted the importance of nurturing development cooperation, in particular during times of uncertainties, to jointly address development challenges, including climate change, business environment, energy, food security, blue economy and infrastructure development. He said the government is committed to development cooperation as it continues to strive to attain goals set in the development vision. On his part, the British High Commissioner to Tanzania and Development Partner’s Group Co-chair, Mr David Concar said Tanzania’s economy is recovering from Covid-19. He said the two years of President Samia Suluhu Hassan have clearly shown that Tanzania has succeeded in renewing important regional and international relationships, while also making progress domestically on political reconciliation and reaffirming its reputation for economic and social stability. Mr Concar said they recognise the efforts being made by Tanzania to complete major infrastructure projects. “We also value the country’s continuing partnership with a wide range of UN agencies. We applaud the openness Tanzania has shown to harnessing fully its partnership with IFIs such as the IMF and World Bank,” said Mr Concar. He added that this is exemplified by the IMF’s approval last year of a substantial 1 billion dollar + Extended Credit Facility to assist Tanzania’s economic recovery and reform agenda and more recently by the World Bank’s approval of a 500million US dollars IDA credit to support policy reforms, and 275million US dollars in credit and grant funding for maternal and child health investment. Moreover, he said the aid is rightly provided to support Tanzania to meet its national development goals as set out in the country’s Third Five-Year Development Plan and Vision 2025, and in the context of Tanzania’s Development Cooperation Framework. “To that end, the agenda we have agreed on is rightly ambitious in scope. It focuses on areas and objectives that are priorities for the government, which include women economic empowerment, transforming the rural economy through climate resilient agriculture and energy access as well as investing in the health and education of the predominantly young population,” he said. In addition, he said critical to achieving all of those, is the goal of turning the country’s business environment and private sector into an engine of growth and job creation more details ...


14 Feb 2023 Sheila Mfunami
The European Union (EU) has lifted a blanket ban on Tanzania’s grown bitter gourd to access its lucrative markets, breathing a sigh of relief to local farmers and exporters. In November 2022, EU reported to have detected presence of quarantine pest hosted in the MomordicaCharantia, prompting the European Commission to prohibit the bitter gourd crop export into EU markets, hitting hard a multi-million-shilling industry. Tanzania being a producer of bitter gourd fruit between January 2021 and July 2022, exported around 220 metric tonnes of the crops to United Kingdom, Netherlands, Italy, Belgium and Switzerland, earning the economy 691,000 US dollars (about 1.5bn/-). Tanzania was required to present before the EU the pest surveillance report proving the absence of ThripspalmiKarny for it to be allowed to export the fruit to the EU markets. As it happened, the country’s key driver of horticulture industry, TAHA through the United Nations Development Programmes (UNDP) funded Horticulture Transformation for Inclusive Growth (HOTIGRO) had to intervene working closely with Tanzania Plant Health and Pesticides Authority (TPHPA) in conducting pest surveillance in all bitter gourd producing areas in Tanzania. TAHA’s Chief Executive Officer, DrJacqueline Mkindi said that during the pest surveillance, samples were taken from the farmers and presented to the laboratory for test analysis to substantiate whether they have the ThripsPalmiKarny or otherwise. “Fortunately the results from the surveillance indicated that Tanzania is free from ThripspalmiKarny, and that the bitter gourd are produced in an area that is free from Spodopterafrugiperda”DrMkindi explained. Then, the pest surveillance report was submitted to the EU for their consideration and lifts the ban on export of Tanzanian grown bitter gourd fruit to its markets. “After reviewing the pest surveillance report, the Plant Health Unit under the European Commission declared Tanzania to be eligible to export bitter gourd fruit to the EU under condition (a) of point 71 of Annex VII of Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2019/2072”DrMkindi said. Indeed, the European Commission congratulated Tanzania for reaching the important milestone in the phytosanitary certification system in compliance with the EU phytosanitary requirements. “With your written communication notifying the commission that Tanzania is free from ThripspalmiKarny, Tanzania is therefore, eligible to export bitter gourd fruit to the EU,” reads a statement wrote by a policy officer in the Directorate-General for Health and Food Safety (DG SANTE) of European Commission, Dr Leonard Shumbe. Bitter gourd farmers in Tanzania, one of evolving Africa’s top fruits growers and exporters to the EU, have welcomed renewed exports to Europe, saying the blanket outlaw was a blow to them who had started to venture into the value chain since 2021 when it was introduced in country, thanks to the key industry country’s driver TAHA. Prospects were high that farmers would raise their glasses to toast for windfall earnings, after the industry’s flamboyant driver, TAHA, had successfully unlocked a lucrative EU’s market for bitter gourd fruit only to find themselves in a quagmire after the EU ban. In its efforts to capture international markets, TAHA through the HOTIGRO project had embraced a bitter gourd with high demands in Germany and UK, owing to its nutritional values. “We’ve added a bitter gourd in the list of our commercial and high horticultural value chain” she said, adding: “As a result from December to mid February 2022, TAHA facilitated farmers to export over 44 metric tonnes of bitter gourd to Germany, fetching them 60m/- directly and the economy 132,000 US dollars, implying that the crop is highly lucrative”. Dr Mkindi said that before the EU export ban projections were that local farmers would have been exported 350 metric tonnes between February and June, earning them 472.5m/- directly and the economy 1.05 million US dollars. In the same season, the bitter gourd value chain would have been created 750 employments, 90 percent being the women and youth who would have earned emoluments worth 45m/-, TAHA boss said. In the November 2022 and May 2023 season, the bitter gourd farmers were expected to export 1,400 metric tonnes and earn them 1.8bn/- and the economy 4.2 million US dollars,TAHA projections show. more details ...
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02 Feb 2023

The Tanzania Ports Authority (TPA) has set an ambitious target of expanding its contribution to Tanzania’s economy from the current 40 per cent to 90 per cent in the next few years, as the authority accelerates the implementation of strategic port projects.

That is equivalent to a 125 per cent leap. While it may sound a far-fetched dream, TPA Deputy General Director Eng Juma Kijavara says the target is achievable.

His optimism is born out of ongoing massive strategic investments in port infrastructures, acquisition of modern equipment and robust marketing strategies.

Over the last few years, the TPA, with massive support from the government, has put more efforts into developing the country’s sea and inland ports.

With the ports industry playing a significant role in the country’s economic growth, substantial financial and human resources have considerably been channelled towards transforming the sector.

Eng Kijavara says the multiple projects that are currently being implemented across the country are progressing well as the authority pushes for speedy execution of the projects, while mobilising resources for other mega projects which are under the pipeline.

One of the flagship strategic projects is the Dar es Salaam Maritime Gateway Project (DMGP), which aims to overhaul the Dar es Salaam Port’s infrastructure.

The first component of the project includes deepening and strengthening of existing berths 1 to 7 to 14.5 metres and the construction of a new multipurpose berth at Gerezani Creek.

It also includes the deepening and widening of the entrance channel and turning basin in the port to the end of berth 11 to 15.5m; improving the rail linkages and platform in the port as well as deepening and strengthening of existing berths 8-11, to 14.5m.

Another component is supporting the institutional strengthening of the TPA.

The construction of a new yard has been completed, says Eng Kijavara, noting that currently, constructors are deepening and widening the entrance channel and turning basin.

“The deepening of the entrance channel to 15m chart datum will enable us to handle larger ships that could not call at our port whose depth was between 10 to 12 meters,” he says.

Tanzania’s second largest seaport of Tanga is also undergoing massive upgrading and is expected to be completed in April, this year.

The upgrading and renovation of the port at the 429.1bn/- involved the expansion of two quays and deepening of berth depths. According to Eng Kijavara, the constructor has completed the construction of 450 metre long berths at the port and is now making final touches before handing over the project to the government.

Kijavara recalls that since the inception of Tanga Port, the oldest port in East African region, ships could not call at the terminal’s quayside, due to high bedrock level, but the doubling handling will now be history thanks to the dredging of the entrance channel, turning basin and deepening of berths depth from the previous three to a 13 metre depth.

“Mtwara Port expansion project has been completed by 100 per cent and now we’re handling large coal carriers. Similar renovation and expansion projects are ongoing in all inland ports,” reveals Eng Kijavara, noting that the construction of Ndumbi Port on Lake Nyasa is also complete.

He adds that similar projects are ongoing at Lake Victoria and Lake Tanganyika, where a number of ports have been upgraded, while the government has also constructed the new Karema Port on Lake Tanganyika.

“As the Ports Authority, our key role is to support economic growth. These huge investments seek to enhance the economy,” says Eng Kijavara, insisting that the Authority’s outstanding performance reflects on revenue collections by the Tanzania Tax Revenue (TRA).

“The TRA’s record revenues are the economic impacts brought by the government’s investments on port infrastructures through the TPA,” he states and showers praises on the sixth phase government under President Samia Suluhu Hassan, for its continued support towards improving port infrastructures.

He says President Samia’s government has funded the acquisition of modern equipment that have improved the performance of both sea and inland ports across the major water bodies and the only way the TPA can reward her is putting up a spirited and outstanding performance.

“If you go to Mtwara Port, you will find what we call a ‘giraffe’, ship to shore gantry crane (SSG), which is used for loading and unloading of containers at the port, but also when you go to the Dar es Salaam Port you will find two ships to shore gantry cranes. There are also over 16 forklifts with varying capacities, reach stackers and other cargo handling equipment, we have also received tug boats, which are used to pull or push other large ships for maneuvering purposes, all these have enabled us to perform our tasks efficiently,” he lists.

Kijavara adds further that the TPA is equipping all its sea and inland ports to ensure efficient and timely services to customers, noting that the authority will purchase ten tugboats for Lake Tanganyika, while pledging to equip other ports on Lake Victoria and Nyasa to ensure smooth movement of cargo between Tanzania and neighbouring countries such as DR Congo, Uganda, Burundi and Malawi.

‘The aim is to cut freight costs and time at all our ports,” he insists.

The TPA, on the other hand, revealed TPA’s plans to invest at Mbamba Bay.

“We’re going to completely change the face of Mbaba Bay, we’re going to construct a dockyard with the capacity of handling vessels of more than 30,000 tonnes, and we’ll build a one-stop centre, this will open our country and other neighbouring countries,” says Deputy Director General Kijavara, noting the project is expected to start this financial year.

While the ongoing expansion and renovation of sea and inland ports are envisaged to massively transform TPA services, the envisaged construction of the much-hyped Bagamoyo Port would be a game changer, according to Eng Kijavara.

Preparations for the construction of the Bagamoyo Port are underway with the project expected to kick off from the next financial year, through own sources as the country continues to find potential investors.

“Once completed, the Bagamoyo Port would be a game changer in the ports industry not only in the country but across the Eastern and Southern Africa regions,” he says, adding that through the construction of the Bagamoyo Port, the TPA envisions to increase its handling capacity to over 10 million TEU per year.

“We want to make it a pilot project that would hugely transform the ports industry not only in Tanzania, but also across the East African region.

While the port of Dar es Salaam handles ships with the maximum capacity of 4,000 TEU, other major ports globally handle major ships of between 18,000 TEU and 24,000 TEU.

“We want the Bagamoyo Port to have the capacity of handling 18,000 TEU and 24,000 TEU ships. Surely, this will be one of the largest ports in Africa.”

Eng Kijavara says ports are catalysts for economic development as they enable trade and support supply chains, hence the ongoing investments have huge direct and induced economic benefits to the country, neighbouring nations and citizens.


What color is not part of the Tanzanian Flag
a. Red
b. Green
c. Blue
d. Black
Total Votes: 5